第185回 WORKSHOP報告(11月17日) / 参加者49名

1.前半マテリアルの紹介 Uさん

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《 今回のworkshop 》
○workshop参加人数:49名(うち新人の方:5名)
○【前半】:”Harassment at workplace”
○【後半】:Protesting
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[今週のマテリアル]
≪FIRST HALF≫
Harassment at workplace.

“Harassment” is one of the biggest news topics in 2018.
We always watch how victims were bullied in news but we usually don’t watch why assailants start to bully.
In my experience, some of assailants don’t realized that they are bullying because discrimination, violence and unfairness might be considered that they are not harassment in some community.
I believe that E’s club member don’t harass their co-worker but I want to give you an opportunity to look back your behavior at workplace.

Remember when victims think it’s harassment, it’s considered as harassment.
Even kidding might be considered as harassment…

Question

Q1: Do you have any behavior which would be considered as harassment? If you don’t have, please share behavior which you have seen. (power, sexual, gender, alcohol, moral, etc.)

Q2: Have you ever been a victim of harassment? Please share your experience, if you don’t mind.

Q3: Please share the most terrible harassment episode which you have seen or heard, if you don’t mind.

Q4: People have completely different borderline between harassments and others. Where should we set borderline to prevent to become assailants?

Q5: Nevertheless, harassment became a huge problem in Japan. Why many people still being an assailant? Do you have any potential to become an assailant?

≪LATTER HALF≫
<Agenda>
Protesting

Protesting in America, presents a diverse range of public radio and television content including local news, raw footage, and interviews that reveal the profound impact of the First Amendment on American life.

The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition. It forbids Congress from both promoting one religion over others and also restricting an individual’s religious practices. It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely. It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peacefully and to petition their government.

Freedom to Assemble and Petition

Protests have long been an essential part of American life, employed to draw attention to critical issues, events, and injustices. Ranging from peaceful marches to powerful acts of civil disobedience. Protests can be found in nearly every political and social movement of the past century.
In the past five years, movements including Black Lives Matter, NFL National Anthem Kneel, and opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline, commonly known as NoDAPL, have used protests as a way to make their voices heard. By learning about our right to protest and the historic protests of the past, we can gain insight into how the freedom to speak out and challenge popular viewpoints has and will continue to shape American political life.
Though the final count is still being tabulated, over 1.25 million youths across the United States have participated in protests, making it the largest in American history, since the wars, surpassing Women’s rights march in 2017.
These numbers aren’t an accident. Including the rise in authoritarianism and anti-authoritarianism worldwide and technology that makes it easier to organize sibling marches, have contributed to historic turnouts.

Public Programming

When reporting on the role of public television in 1967, the Carnegie Commission advocated for public programming that captured the voices and protests of ordinary citizens, writing that:
“[Public television] should be a forum for debate and controversy. It should bring into the home meetings, now generally untelevised, where major public decisions are hammered out, and occasions where people of the community express their hopes, their protests, their enthusiasm, and their will. It should provide a voice for groups in the community that may otherwise be unheard.”
How did the term “fake news” evolve – and what’s next in the world of disinformation?
It was 2016, and Buzzfeed’s media editor, noticed a funny stream of completely made-up stories that seemed to originate from a small Eastern European town.
Investigation before the US election identified at least 140 fake news websites which were pulling in huge numbers on Facebook.
The young people in Veles may or may not have had much interest in American politics, but because of the money to be made via Facebook advertising, they wanted their fiction to travel widely on social media. The US presidential election – and specifically Donald Trump – was (and of course still is) a very hot topic on social media.
The city getting rich from fake news
And so the Macedonians and other purveyors of fakery wrote stories with headlines such as “Pope Francis Shocks World, Endorses Donald Trump for President” and “FBI Agent Suspected in Hillary Email Leaks Found Dead in Apparent Murder-Suicide”.
They were completely false. And thus began the modern fake news era.

Disobedience

The internal fights within the administration bring many to speculate that high-ranking members themselves are leaking information to secure support for their sides. These leaks have drawn public attention to more erratic behavior behind closed doors, and have allowed dissenting administration officials to hold people accountable from within the White House.
Senior administration officials have restored order within the White House, through a more limited extent. When a chief of staff, immediately began to clean up the mess by firing divisive White House officials and restriction of air-time.
In checking the administration from within, dissenters demonstrate that by acting as a “guardrail” to curb more erratic decisions, officials “prevent the White House from tipping over.”
The right to free speech and assembly encompasses a wide scope of protest activities ranging from flag burning to picketing. In the United States, individuals and groups that wish to protest can make their voices heard in public spaces like parks and sidewalks. Some cities, however, require local permits to protest and ordinances determining the size and location of protesters.
Throughout history, this permit system has been misused by some local governments in order to block unpopular protests. During the civil rights movement, many black activists found their peaceful protests blocked by white town governments who refused to issue permits or arrested peaceful protesters.
In 1961, 187 black students were convicted of “disturbing the peace” for protesting in front of the South Carolina courthouse. The Supreme Court later overturned the discriminatory convictions, citing the importance of the “freedom of speech”
Treason – That is why freedom of speech is protected.

Introductory question

・A recent example of protesting in Japan is the campaign against nuclear power stations.
What kind of impression do you have about it?

Discussion

・How does the media shape events?

・Are historical outcomes inevitable?

・What lasting impacts did protest movements have?

・Can major shifts in forms of government occur without protests?

・Why does protest bring violent response from local, state, or federal authorities?

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