第117回 WORKSHOP報告(12月5日) / 参加者81名

第117回 WORKSHOP報告(12月5日) / 参加者81名

 

1

(1:前半マテリアル作成者のKさんからご挨拶です)

 

2

(2:ネイティブ講師のE先生はしばしば映像を使用してわかりやすく説明してくださいます)

 

3

(3:新人の方々も15名参加されました)

 

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《 今回のworkshop 》

 

○workshop参加人数:81名(うち新人の方:15名)

 

○【前半】:「ウィンタースポーツ」をテーマにディスカッション

 

○【後半】:” the problems Japan faces to get more women back to work”に関するディスカッション

 

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<英語サークル E’s club 第117回workshopのご案内>

 

 

 

みなさまこんばんは、E’s club幹事のKです。

 

12月5日(土)開催の第117回workshopの詳細をお送りいたします。

 

今回もネイティブ講師のE先生をお迎えしてのworkshopとなります。

 

E先生には後半のマテリアルをご作成いただきました。

 

前半のマテリアルはKさんにご作成いただきました。

 

テーマはこの時期にふさわしく「ウィンタースポーツ」です。

 

[今週のマテリアル]

 

<FIRST HALF>

 

この度前半のマテリアルを担当させていただくKと申します。冬到来ということで、ウィンタースポーツというテーマとさせていただきました。

 

私は物心ついた頃から既にスキーをしており、スキーが好きで大学時代は基礎スキー部というクラブに所属していました。皆様の中でウィンタースポーツのクラブに所属されていた方はあまりいらっしゃらないかと思いますが、ウィンタースポーツに興味のある方は多いのではないかと思います。冬は寒くて大変ですが、ウィンタースポーツができるという貴重なシーズンでもあります。同じ寒いでも折角なら冬を思い切り楽しみましょう!

 

 

 

Q1 Do you like to play winter sports?

 

If yes, what do you like? And please share your memorable experience.

 

If no, why not?

 

 

 

Q2 Do you want to start any new winter sports?

 

 

 

Q3 Do you like to watch the winter sports game?

 

If yes, what do you like?

 

If no, why not?

 

 

 

Q4 Please share your memorable winter sports game.

 

(e.g., the Olympics, World Cup, championship series, GP Final, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

<LATTER HALF>

 

Prime minister Abe has made it one of his goals to get a lot more women into the workforce in Japan.  But so far the government seems to be falling far short of their goals.  Let’s discuss some of the problems Japan faces to get more women back to work.

 

 

 

1.  Are women in Japan treated fairly at work?  Why or why not?

 

 

 

2.  Are women and men capable of doing the same work?  Are men and women better suited for different kinds of work?  Can you think of any examples?

 

 

 

3.  What do you think about diversity programs that encourage or even favour women in management positions (affirmative action programs)?

 

An Affirmative Action program includes those policies, practices, and procedures that the contractor implements to ensure that all qualified applicants and employees are receiving an equal opportunity for recruitment, selection, advancement, and every other term and privilege associated with employment.

 

 

 

4.  Do you have a preference working for a male manager or working for a female manager?  If so, what’s your preference and why?

 

 

 

5.  Is there enough support for women who want to return to work after maternity leave?  Is there anything you think the government should be doing to encourage more women to return to the workforce?  Let’s brainstorm some ways to encourage more women back into the workforce after maternity leave.

 

 

 

6.  Is it possible/reasonable to get the ratio of women managers in a company to 30% or higher?  Is it important to have a high percentage of women managers?

 

 

 

 

 

Video 1 – http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2014/s4015185.htm

 

 

 

Article 1 – 75% of Japanese women are not interested in management – Nikiei Asian Review:

 

http://asia.nikkei.com/magazine/20150514-Asia-s-wage-inflation/Politics-Economy/75-of-Japanese-women-not-interested-in-management

 

 

 

TOKYO — Japan has long been criticized for not offering enough opportunities for women to thrive in the corporate world. Last month the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and this month the International Monetary Fund, came out with reports suggesting that enhancing women’s participation and advancement in the workplace was a crucial component of structural reform needed in Japan to counter the demographic decline and aging of the population. However, a recent survey by the Intelligence HITO Research Institute showed that only 24.4% of working women in Japan wanted to become a director or manager at their company. The remaining 75.6% said they were not interested.

 

 

 

The figure stood out in comparison to a survey done by Bain & Co. that found 72% of women in China, 69% in Australia and 43% in the U.S. reported the ambition or the confidence to reach top management.

 

 

 

The reasons for Japanese women not wanting to get promoted, according to the 1,058 respondents in the Intelligence survey, in general fell into two categories. The women expressed either lack of confidence (“Not confident in leadership skills” or “Lack of role models”) or reluctance about the inconvenience such a promotion would bring (“The position requires longer hours” or “I don’t want more burdensome work”).

 

 

 

The survey results may come as a surprise to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who has been pushing for more women in leadership positions. In 2013 he called for all listed companies to have at least one female board member. Starting this fiscal year, all companies are required by law to show the ratio of female board members in their financial reports. The government has set a goal of filling 30% of leadership positions in Japan with women by 2020.

 

 

 

Intelligence suggests that the quickest and surest way to achieve the 30% goal is to focus on the 24.4% of women who expressed willingness to become managers. “Many of these women said they would like to take on more important roles. Companies can assign these women to influential and important positions, and offer training and feedback to boost confidence.”

 

 

 

The institute also noted that several of the women said the reason for not aspiring to top positions was that they felt bad for taking away opportunities from male colleagues. “While corporations are actively changing so that women can rise to management positions, some women are uneasy about the cold gazes from male workers who fail to keep up with the changes taking place. Corporate executives must protect women from such meaningless criticism,” the report said.

 

 

 

It’s not that women in Japan are unqualified. The OECD report notes that in 2011, 63% of young women (25-34 years of age) had a university degree, as opposed to 55% of young men. Whether women lose their ambition due to Japan’s male-dominated society, the cultural pressures that expect women to take care of the home, or some women’s preference for an easy life, is a matter for debate.

 

 

 

In a 144-page report, “Economic Survey of Japan,” released in mid-April, the OECD said that Japan must increase female participation in the workforce to counter the decline of the working-age population — those aged 15-64 — which is falling by more than 1 million a year.

 

 

 

Japan’s workforce is projected to decline by 17% by 2030 from current levels, and by nearly 40% by 2050. If the female participation rate, currently 63%, were to match that of men, 85%, the labor supply would decline only 5% by 2030, the report said.

 

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