第113回 WORKSHOP報告(10月3日) / 参加者80名

第113回 WORKSHOP報告(10月3日) / 参加者80名

 

4

(1:今日も多くの新人の方にお越しいただきました)

 

5

(2:笑顔も見えます♪)

 

6

(3:この日は80人の方々にご参加いただきました)

 

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《 今回のworkshop 》

 

○workshop参加人数:80名(うち新人の方:11名)

 

○【前半】:” Autumn appetite “というテーマでディスカッション

 

○【後半】:” Evacuation Order Issued Too Late”と” Migrants fleeing the Middle East into Europe “いうテーマでディスカッション

 

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<英語サークル E’s club 第113回workshopのご案内>

 

みなさまこんにちは、E’s club幹事のKです。

10月3日(土)開催の第113回workshopの詳細をお送りいたします。

 

今回より、新たなネイティブ講師をお迎えしてのworkshopとなります。

講師はカナダご出身のE先生です。

現在は大阪で企業のビジネススキルトレーナーを務めていらっしゃいます。

E先生はサークルのメンバーの方のご紹介で8月22日よりWorkshopにご参加されていらっしゃいます。

 

E先生には後半のマテリアルをご作成いただきました。

なお、リンク先にはニュースの動画がありますので、こちらもご閲覧よろしくお願いいたします。

 

前半のマテリアルは第100回Workshop記念のBest Material投票で、僭越ながら前半部門2位を獲得させていただきました、

私K作成の第92回Workshop前半マテリアルのリバイバルとなります。テーマは「食欲の秋」です。

 

[今週のマテリアル]

<FIRST HALF>

Title: Autumn appetite

 

Questions:

 

Q1. What kind of food comes to your mind first when you think of autumn foods?

 

Q2. Among the delicacies in autumn you have tasted, which one do you recommend?

 

Q3. In Japan we call autumn “the season for good appetite”.

How about in foreign countries?

If you’ve heard something similar, please tell it to your group members.

 

Q4. With your group members, please make a plan for an event of E’s club to enjoy seasonal food.

Make sure to include following contents.

A. Main dish

B. Venue

C. Participation fee

D. Unique selling point

At the end of the first half, I’ll designate 2 or 3 groups to present the plan.

 

 

<LATTER HALF>

Discussion 1:

 

Evacuation Order Issued Too Late:

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/features/201509152108.html

1.This video reminded me of the Great Eastern earthquake, tsunami and Daiichi nuclear plant meltdown.  As I recall at the time, many people were extremely critical of the government’s apparent lack of preparedness.

●Is the government doing enough to protect citizens from natural disasters?

○If so, what are some things your community has done to protect citizens?

○If not, what are some measures would you like the government to take?

●I lived in Vancouver for many years.  It is common knowledge that there will be a very large earthquake in Vancouver in the near future.  There have been many organisations warning about being prepared for the earthquake by making sure you have lots of bottled water, canned food, batteries, candles and so on.  However, I never met anyone prepared for the big earthquake in Vancouver and I was never prepared either.

●Are you prepared for a big earthquake in Kansai?

○Is so, how have you prepared?

○If not, why not?

●Have you ever lived through a natural disaster or do you know someone who lived through a disaster?

●What happened and where did it happen.

○What was the experience like?

○What did the experience teach you?

 

Discussion 2:

 

Article concerning migrants fleeing the Middle East into Europe:

http://www.euractiv.com/sections/justice-home-affairs/macedonian-police-use-violence-against-migrants-316991

Many, many people from war zones like Syria have been rushing into Europe to try to find a better, safer life.  Many Europeans are unhappy about this and would like to stop migrants entering Europe.  Many people think too many migrants will cause a shortage of jobs for Europeans.  European governments recently agreed that they have a moral responsibility to let in migrants trying to escape war zones, but some countries cannot agree on how many immigrants to allow into the EU.

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/europe-deal-deluge-refugees/ (This video is over 8 minutes, but it also has a full transcript if you would like to review new vocabulary).

●What do you think?  Should migrants be allowed to enter Europe and Japan without restrictions?

●Should limits be placed on migrants so they don’t take the jobs of Europeans or Japanese citizens?

●Should the government give migrants money and housing to help them start a new life?

○How help much is fair?

○Is it fair to use taxes to pay for migrants?

Singapore recently held an election and immigration was a hot topic.

http://www.msn.com/en-sg/news/singapore/how-will-election-results-impact-singapore’s-immigration-curbs/ar-AAefQtj

●What do you think?  Is immigration an important way to increase diversity and to fill low level jobs that local people don’t want to do, or are immigrants simply taking up too many jobs that could be done by local people?

●Japan’s population is rapidly greying.  There may soon be a serious shortage of workers in Japan.  A few years ago, the immigration minister of Japan stated that to offset the declining population, approximately 200,000 immigrants per year would be needed to immigrate into Japan for the next 20 years!

○Do you think it’s reasonable for Japan to allow so many immigrants into Japan every year?

○Do you think it’s possible to find so many immigrants able to move to Japan?

○Where would so many people live in Japan?  How would they communicate if they can’t already speak English?  Would so many immigrants cause the same social pressures we are seeing in Europe?

 

<References>

http://www.euractiv.com/sections/justice-home-affairs/macedonian-police-use-violence-against-migrants-316991

Macedonian police use violence against migrants

EurActiv.com with Reuters  21 Aug 2015 – 16:55

 

Firing tear gas and stun grenades, Macedonian police drove back crowds of migrants and refugees trying to enter from Greece today (21 August), sealing the frontier to thousands of Syrians, Afghans and others trying to reach Western Europe.

 

The Balkan country declared a state of emergency on its borders on Thursday, after weeks of chaos at a railway station inundated daily by up to 2,000 migrants and refugees crossing from Greece en route to Hungary and Europe’s borderless Schengen Area.

 

Rolling out razor wire, riot police with armoured vehicles sealed the border around the official crossing point at the town of Gevgelija, leaving several thousand people, mainly Syrians, stranded in a cold, damp no-man’s land overnight. Their numbers will only rise as more arrive from Greece, where a record 50,000 reached land by boat from Turkey in July alone.

 

A Reuters cameraman saw police fire tear gas to disperse a crowd seeking passage into Macedonia, the latest flashpoint of a crisis that has dragged the conflicts of the Middle East to Europe’s doorstep.

 

Witnesses said several stun grenades were also used and at least four people bore leg wounds. The government sent the army to the border as reinforcement.

 

The flare-up was brief, but the plight facing those in no-man’s land threatens to worsen as more arrive. Reuters reporters said aid agencies did not appear to have access to the no-man’s land, though the Red Cross, Medecins Sans Frontieres and the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) were present on both sides of the border.

 

The International Organisation for Migration said it was “deeply concerned” by the fate of those stuck in no-man’s land, calling for restraint and urgent humanitarian aid.

 

The UNHCR criticised the border closure. “These are refugees in search of protection and must not be stopped from doing so,” said chief spokeswoman Melissa Fleming.

 

Fleming called on Europe – deeply divided over how to respond – to find a solution, saying overstretched Macedonia and Serbia “cannot be left alone with this number of refugees”.

 

A UNHCR official on the ground said Greece estimated between 3,000 and 4,000 men, women and children were in the border area. “They expect this number to go higher,” said Petros Mastakas.

 

Hungarian fence

 

Some managed to cross during the night, telling Reuters others were caught by police and driven back into no-man’s land.

 

“I ran fast and escaped,” said Mohammed Khalid, an 18-year-old Syrian from the devastated city of Aleppo. “They got my brother and most of the others and sent them back to Greece.”

 

The Interior Ministry, in a statement, said its measures were working and that it had admitted 181 foreign nationals overnight – “a limited number of migrants of vulnerable categories who could be adequately treated in line with the country’s capacities.”

 

Macedonia says it has registered over 40,000 migrants and refugees entering from Greece in the past two months; most move quickly through the country to Serbia and then walk into Hungary and on to the more affluent countries of western and northern Europe through the borderless Schengen area.

 

Hungary is racing to complete construction of a fence along its 175 km border with Serbia to keep them out, a step that threatens to create a bottleneck of tens of thousands in Serbia.

 

The refugee wave has diverted some attention from a political crisis rocking the conservative government of Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski for most of the year over allegations of illegal wire-taps, corruption and authoritarianism (see background).

 

He now faces an early election in April next year. Some commentators suggested it may play well with voters for the government to be seen taking on Greece for allowing thousands of migrants to pour across its northern border.

 

Macedonia and Greece have long enjoyed an uneasy relationship, rooted in a dispute over Macedonia’s name since it broke away from socialist Yugoslavia in 1991. The row has effectively blocked Macedonia’s integration with NATO and the European Union.

 

Macedonia has confronted refugee crises before, most notably in 1999 during the war in Serbia’s then southern province of Kosovo when hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanians took shelter in refugee camps on Macedonia’s northern border.

 

BACKGROUND

 

Macedonia has been enduring a deep political crisis with the government and opposition exchanging serious allegations.

 

The Social Democrats have been boycotting parliament, claiming electoral fraud and refusing to recognise the results of last year’s polls.

 

The centre-left opposition accuses premier Gruevski of wiretapping some 20,000 people, including politicians and journalists, as well as of corruption, a murder cover-up and other wrongdoings.

 

The conservative government, in return, has filed charges against oppisition leader Zoran Zaev, accusing him of “spying” and attempts to “destabilise” the country.

 

The crisis further deepened in May when police clashed with an ethnic Albanian armed group, whose members were mostly from Kosovo, in the northern town of Kumanovo. Eighteen people were killed in the clashes, including eight police officers.

 

On 15 July, after months of unsuccessful attempts, the EU succeeded to agree a plan with the government and the opposition to end the political crisis and hold early elections.

 

EurActiv.com with Reuters

 

http://www.msn.com/en-sg/news/singapore/how-will-election-results-impact-singapore’s-immigration-curbs/ar-AAefQtj

How will election results impact Singapore’s immigration curbs?

Provided by Singapore Business Review

 

There could be selective easing for certain sectors.

 

The newly-elected government will not loosen its grip on Singapore’s stringent immigration curbs, despite the fact that these measures have led to a widespread labour crunch in the city-state.

 

“We think the authorities will remain cautious on relaxing the foreign workers quotas too much, given its concerted National Productivity-drive,” RHB Research said in a report.

 

However, RHB Research expects that the government will expedite processing of Permanent Resident/Singapore Citizen applications to ease the backlog that has built up in recent months.

 

DBS analysts agree that immigration curbs are unlikely to be lifted in the near future, but they expect that there could be selective easing in certain manpower-intensive sectors.

 

“The existing foreign manpower curbs and tight immigration policies are unlikely to be unwound. However, given the existing labour crunch and the fact that some foreign workers are here to fill jobs shunned by Singaporeans, there could be some marginal easing in specific industries, e.g., healthcare sector,” said DBS.

 

 

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